Monday, September 3, 2007

Smart forms Frequently Asked Questions

Forcing a page break within table loop

Create a loop around the table. Put a Command node before the table in the loop that forces a NEWPAGE on whatever condition you want. Then only loop through a subset of the internal table (based on the conditions in the Command node) of the elements in the Table node.

Font style and Font size

Goto Transaction SMARTSTYLES.
There you can create Paragraph formats etc just like in sapscript.

Then in your window under OUTPUT OPTIONS you include this SMARTSTYLE and use the Paragraph and character formats.

Line in Smartform

Either you can use a window that takes up the width of your page and only has a height of 1 mm.

Then you put a frame around it (in window output options).
Thus you have drawn a box but it looks like a line.

Or you can just draw "__" accross the page and play with the fonts so that it joins each UNDER_SCORE.

Difference between 'forminterface' and 'global definitions' in global settings of smart forms

The Difference is as follows.

To put it very simply:

Form Interface is where you declare what must be passed in and out of the smartform (in from the print program to the smartform and out from the smartform to the print program).

Global defs. is where you declare data to be used within the smartform on a global scope.
ie: anything you declare here can be used in any other node in the form.

Smartforms function module name

Once you have activated the smartform, go to the environment -> function module name. There you can get the name of funtion module name.

The key thing is the program that calls it. for instance, the invoice SMARTFORM LB_BIL_INVOICE is ran by the program RLB_INVOICE.

This program uses another FM to determine the name of the FM to use itself. The key thing is that when it calls this FM (using a variable to store the actual name), that the parameters match the paramters in your smartform.

Another thing to note is that the FM name will change wherever the SF is transported to.

So you need to use the FM to determine the name of the SF.

Here is the code that can be use to determine the internal name of the function module:


if sf_label(1) <> '/'. " need to resolve by name
move sf_label to externalname.
formname = externalname
fm_name = internalname
no_form = 1
no_function_module = 2
others = 3.
if sy-subrc <> 0.
message 'e427'.
move internalname to sf_label.

It checks to see if the sf_label starts with a '/', which is how the internal names start. if it does, the name has already been converted. If not, it calls the FM and converts the name.

You would then CALL FUNCTION sf_label.

Smartforms FAQ Part Two

Smartforms output difference
Problem with Smartforms: in a certain form for two differently configured printers, there seem to be a difference in the output of characters per inch (the distance between characters which gives a layout problem - text in two lines instead of one.

It happens when the two printers having different Printer Controls' if you go to SPAD Menu (Spool Administrator Menu) you can see the difference in the Printer Control and if you make the Printer control setting for both the printers as same. then it will be ok. and also u have to check what is the device type used for both the output devices.

SmartForms Output to PDF
There is a way to download smartform in PDF format.
Please do the following:
1. Print the smartform to the spool.
2. Note the spool number.
3. Download a PDF file (Acrobat Reader) version of the spool by running Program RSTXPDFT4 and entering the
noted spool number.

SmartForm Doublesided printing question
Your customer wants your PO SmartForm to be able to print "Terms and Conditinos" on the back side of each page. They don't want to purchase pre-printed forms with the company's logo on the front and terms & conditions on the back. Now this presents an interesting problem.
Has anyone else ever had a request like this? If for example there was a 3 page PO to be printed, they want 3 pieces of paper, the front side of each to containe the PO information (page 1, 2, and 3) and the back side of each piece of paper to containg the static "Terms & Conditions" information.
Anyone have a clue how to force this out?

Easy - page FRONT lists page CONTACTS as next page and CONTACTS lists FRONT as next page. Since CONTACTS does not contain a MAIN window, it will print the contacts info and then continue on to FRONT for the rest of the main items. Additionally, set print mode on FRONT to D (duplex) and set CONTACTS to 'blank' (for both resource name and print mode - this is the only way to get to the back of the page).

Transport Smart Forms
How does one transport SMARTFORM? SE01?
How do you make sure that both, the SMARTFORM & it's function module gets transported? Or does the FM with same name gets generated automatically in the transported client?

A smartform is transported no differently than any other object. if it is assigned to a development class that is atteched to a transport layer, it will be transported.
The definition is transported, and when called, the function module is regenerated.
This leads to an interetsing situation. On the new machine, it is very likely the function module name will be different than the name on the source system. Make sure, before you call the function module, you resolve the external name to the internal name using the 'SSF_FUNCTION_MODULE_NAME' function module.
Typically, generate the SF, then use the pattern to being in the interface. Then change the call function to use the name you get back from the above function module.

Smartforms: protect lines in main window.
How to protect lines in the main window from splitting between pages?

It was easy with SAPscript, but how to do it with SF's. For 4.7 version if you are using tables, there are two options for protection against line break:
- You can protect a line type against page break.
- You can protect several table lines against page break for output in the main area.

Protection against page break for line types
- Double-click on your table node and choose the Table tab page.
- Switch to the detail view by choosing the Details pushbutton.
- Set the Protection against page break checkbox in the table for the relevant line type. Table lines that use this line type are output on one page.

Protection against page break for several table lines
- Expand the main area of your table node in the navigation tree.
- Insert a file node for the table lines to be protected in the main area.
- If you have already created table lines in the main area, you can put the lines that you want to protect again page break under the file using Drag&Drop. Otherwise, create the table lines as subnodes of the file.
- Choose the Output Options tab page of the file node and set the Page Protection option. All table lines that are in the file with the Page Protection option set are output on one page.

In 4.6, Alternatively in a paragraph format use the Page protection attribute to determine whether or not to display a paragraph completely on one page. Mark it if you want to avoid that a paragraph is split up by a page break. If on the current page (only in the main window) there is not enough space left for the paragraph, the entire paragraph appears on the next page.

What is SAP Smart Forms?
Advantages of SAP Smart Forms
A Simple Smartform Tutorial
Difference with SMARTFORMS vs. SapScript(SE71)
FAQ on Migrating SAPscript to SmartForms
SmartForms System Fields
Example Forms Available in Standard SAP R/3

Details information about SAP Barcodes


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Lipi said...

This is amazing, you have used very simple words n phrases and described it so well that it SMart Forms look so easy now. Please keep posting.